In a time of recession, a great hope is put in Horizon 2020 programme, which may trigger economic growth and creation of new workplaces, hence, strengthen the position of EU as a crucial player in science and technology development. The whole idea of the programme started in 2011. In that time, there existed various EU’s research and innovation funding initiatives. However, the message from stakeholders was: the current strategy is too complex for users and should be made simpler. Taking into consideration all suggestions, the European Commission joined all the instruments into one common framework, Horizon 2020, making it substantially more transparent and user-friendlier.
In general, there are three main priorities of Horizon 2020: Excellent Science, Competitiveness of European Industries and Societal Challenges. The first one is aimed to provide proper and flexible funding in order to help creative scientific teams in performing most promising projects with regards to their potential innovative character. Moreover, it puts strong emphasis on collaboration between various disciplines with usage of emerging technologies. Another part of Excellent Science pillar is Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (MSCA). The main objective of the MSCA is to provide helpful tools for the development of careers and research training, especially concerning innovative skills. Therefore, the funding will be directed as grants to all stages of scientific career starting from PhD candidates and ending in expert researchers.
Concerning Competitiveness of European Industries, which is the second pillar of Horizon 2020, it should supply dedicated assistance for standardization and certification on inter alia nanotechnology, advanced materials and biotechnology. The other crucial aim is to overpass deficits in the availability of debt and equity finance for R&D enterprises or projects as well as to contribute to the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Altogether, it should encourage potential investors to fund European research projects in the critical industrial branches such as biotechnology.
The last priority is Societal Challenges. It covers funding of the areas that are associated with principal worries of European and world’s citizens. Such approach should be focused on challenges connected with e.g. demographic changes, food security, green energy or climate issues.
For the proper integrated development of the whole Europe, all its parts should be equally important and supported by international projects. As a matter of fact, researchers from Eastern Europe still possess fewer opportunities for international connections. However, the situation is changing in a good way. Importantly, such initiatives as Horizon 2020 are great occasions for Eastern Europe to obtain substantial financial support and to become innovative markets very attractive for international investors. The further investments in this region will certainly boost the whole EU’s economy and make it more competitive in many research areas.
2016-04-03 04:48:50 +0200
My name is Jessica Luis, and I base in USA...My life is back!!! After 1 years of Broken marriage, my husband left me with two kids . I felt like my life was about to end i almost committed suicide, i was emotionally down for a very long time. Thanks to a spell caster called Dr Mohammed, which i met online. On one faithful day, as I was browsing through the internet,I came across allot of testimonies about this particular spell caster. Some people testified that he brought their Ex lover back, some testified that he restores womb,cure cancer,and other sickness, some testified that he can cast a spell to stop divorce and so on. i also come across one particular testimony,it was about a woman called Sonia,she testified about how he brought back her Ex lover in less than 2 days, and at the end of her testimony she dropped Dr Mohammed's e-mail address. After reading all these,I decided to give it a try. I contacted him via email and explained my problem to him. In just 48hours, my husband came back to me. We solved our issues, and we are even happier than before Dr Mohammed, is really a gifted man and i will not stop publishing him because he is a wonderful man... If you have a problem and you are looking for a real and genuine spell caster to solve all your problems for you. Try High firstname.lastname@example.org anytime, he might be the answer to your problems. Here's his contact: email@example.com or call him +2348134493948
2016-04-03 03:13:51 +0200
'After being in relationship with Wilson for seven years,he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that don't believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I meant a spell caster called Dr Zuma zuk and I email him, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email: firstname.lastname@example.org or call him +2349055637784 you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or anything. CONTACT HIM NOW FOR SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEMS'